I & II
are Emission Norms?
norms are prescribed CO (Carbon Monoxide), HC (Hydrocarbons)
and NOX (Nitrous oxide) levels set by the government which
a vehicle would emit when running on roads. All the manufacturers
need to implement the same for vehicles being manufactured
from the date of implementation.
are Euro Norms?
norms refer to the permissible emission levels from both petrol
and Diesel vehicles, which have been implemented in Europe.
However in India, the government has adopted the Euro norms
for available fuel quality and the method of testing. Euro-1
norms in India are known as INDIA 2000 since it will be
implemented from 1/4/2000. The norms equivalent to Euro-2
are called 2005 norms but these have not yet been specified
by the Indian Government.
ARE THE EURO I AND EURO II NORMS?
Euro norms require manufacturers to reduce the existing polluting
Emission Levels in a more efficient manner by making certain
technical changes in their vehicles.
ARE THE EMMISION LEVELS OF THE ABOVE NORMS?
+ NO X (gm/km)
Carbons & Nitrious Oxides)
& WHERE ARE THE ABOVE EURO I AND EURO II NORMS GOING TO
above EURO I NORM from 1st JUNE 1999 is applicable only in
the NCR (DELHI) as per the Supreme Court Ruling and the Government
Regulations and the EURO II norm will be applicable to NCR
from 1st APRIL 2000 . The EURO I norm will be applicable to
Mumbai from January 1, 2000 while the EURO II norm will be
applicable to MUMBAI from 1st APRIL 2000.
CHANGES DO MANUFACTURERS HAVE TO MAKE IN ORDER TO MAKE EURO
following changes normally will be made by manufacturers in
order to have a EURO I compliant car. Typically, the following
areas would require attention: (a) carburetor retuning (b)
secondary air intake (c) exhaust gas recirculation (d) catalyser
capacity increase (e) trimetal coating in the catalyser.
for having a Euro II compliant vehicle require that the
carburetor be replaced by an MPFI system i.e. a Multi-point
Fuel Injection System. There are two basic types of engines,
spark ignition and compression ignition engines. In the
former, fuel ignition is triggered by an electric spark
from a spark plug, while in the latter, atomized liquid
fuel is injected with the help of a fuel pump and a nozzle
into a cylinder full of hot compressed air, which results
in ignition taking place. Larger cylinders which need more
fuel require more than one injector, thus resulting in a
multi-point fuel injection system.
CERTIFIES THE MANUFACTURER?
Automobile Research Institute (ARAI), Pune, is an independent
third party assessor that issues a third party authenticity
certificate guaranteeing the euro norm compliance by the manufacturer.
& INDIA 2000
happens to cars currently on the road and their sale?
vehicles currently running on Indian roads, there will be
absolutely no problems or hassles for the present owners.
Neither will it effect the sale of such vehicles after the
enforcement of the Euro norms since a sale would just
mean transfer of ownership.
Euro Norms are in no way connected to the sale of
modifications be done to meet Euro norms in present cars?
it is not required to convert the car into Euro compliant.
are the changes made to meet EURO-1 NORM?
(Exhaust Gas Circulation)
the capacity of the Catalyser
coating in the Catalyser